The Ethics Of Euthanasia
The practice of euthanasia is a contentious topic in the modern world. Euthanasia comes in a variety of forms, including passive, active, voluntary, and involuntary. The terminology in the many varieties of euthanasia is used to end a patient’s life in order to prevent patient suffering by providing medical care that will cause death. In some nations, such as some Australian states, the act—which is seen as an act of murder—is prohibited. Several countries, however, have laws that make the conduct legal under certain conditions.
Patients’ attorneys claim that patients have a right to take their own life in order to alleviate their pain and suffering. According to proponents of euthanasia, this is justified as compassionate killing and is not ethically wrong[CITATION Ebr12 l 1033]. Euthanasia opponents claim that the practice is unlawful because it amounts to murder. They endorse the notion that providing for the patient can be a helpful strategy to relieve their pain and lessen the likelihood of suffering. Euthanasia, according to their argument, violates human rights.
Forms of euthanasia
Euthanasia comes in two primary flavours: active euthanasia and passive euthanasia. Active euthanasia is defined as the deliberate killing of a patient through the administration of medications to end an incurably ill patient’s life. The decision to actively end a patient’s life may not be their own, but doctors themselves may have some effect. The purposeful discontinuation of a patient’s continued treatment, which results in the victim’s death, is known as passive euthanasia. In Australia, passive euthanasia is not regarded as euthanasia.
There are also non-voluntary, involuntary, and voluntary acts. When the patient agrees, it is done of their own volition. As the patient does not consent to it and does not make the decision, involuntary euthanasia is truly viewed as murder[CITATION Ebr12 l 1033]. The doctors decide to perform euthanasia when the patient is unable to provide consent.
The legal status of assisted suicide
The conduct is still forbidden in Australia. If any doctor ends another person’s life, it is considered murder. To stop the practice, criminal laws prohibiting euthanasia are given more consideration.
To deal with those found guilty of attempting to end the lives of patients, laws have been proposed, particularly in Australia. Autonomy, according to proponents of euthanasia, should come first. Euthanasia should be legalized, according to those who believe there is no need to harm other people.
The sanctity of life has served as the foundation for many who oppose euthanasia. Religion holds that since life is a gift from God, nobody has the authority to take it away. The practice of euthanasia is considered by society to be murder. Even though proponents of euthanasia use autonomy, it is regarded as a misuse of human rights. According to Kant and Mill , the principle of autonomy prohibits the voluntary ending of the circumstances required for autonomy, which would be accomplished by taking one’s own life.
There is no legal or unlawful status for euthanasia. That is a hotly debated topic. Its practice should not be considered the ideal means of alleviating suffering. Arguments regarding the matter are insufficient to declare the practice legal or illegal. We barely get a peek at what is truly going on, despite the fact that there is still plenty to be discussed.
Ebrahimi, N. (2012). Ethics of euthanasia. Australian Medical StudentJjournal. Retrieved from https://www.amsj.org/archives/2066
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Return to the topic ( The Ethics of Euthanasia) in the week three assignment. Articulate a specific dilemma in a situation faced by a particular person based on that topic. The situation can be real or fictional.
- Summarize the dilemma.
- Define any needed key terms associated with the dilemma.
- Analyze the conflicts or controversies involved in the dilemma.
- Length: 4-5 pages (not including title page or references page)
- 1-inch margins
- Double spaced
- 12-point Times New Roman font
- Title page
- References page (minimum of 5 scholarly sources)
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