Over 40 million Americans, or 19.1 percent of the population, have anxiety disorders like panic disorders, agoraphobia, or generalized anxiety disorder, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI, 2017). An estimated 7% of children between the ages of 3 and 17 who are affected by anxiety disorders do so yearly. Because so many people suffer from anxiety disorders, it is important to review one of these conditions to better educate the public about the symptoms to look out for, the steps to take to address the issue, and the treatments available to do so (NAMI, 2017).
Generalized anxiety disorder signs and symptoms
Although the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder vary from patient to patient, some of the following are frequently present (Mayo Clinic, 2021). The most prevalent ones include indecisiveness, the dread of making rash judgments, persistent anxiety or worry about specific issues in a wan excessive way, pared for the event’s effects and overthinking the answers to potential worst-case scenarios.
Other signs of the disorder include the inability to unwind and feel at ease, difficulty focusing, and difficulties dealing with uncertainty, even in circumstances that carry little to no risk (Mayo Clinic, 2021).
Additionally, generalized anxiety disorders cause several physical signs and symptoms, such as difficulty falling or staying asleep, fatigue, muscle tension or aches, trembling or twitching, nervousness, sweating, irritability, nausea, or IBS (Mayo Clinic, 2021).
Patient Signs and Symptoms
The DSM-5 standards state that a patient with generalized anxiety disorders would have excessive worry and anxiety about various issues, such as school and work performance, that occur on more days for over six months (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2013).
Second, the patient will struggle to keep their anxiety under control. Thirdly, the patient will exhibit concern and anxiety for at least one of the following symptoms to have persisted for more days than calm ones throughout the previous six months. According to Reynolds and Kamphaus (2013), the symptoms include restlessness, a tendency to get easily tired, irritability, difficulties concentrating, sleep issues, and muscle tension. Only one symptom must be present for children to demonstrate that they have the disease. Fourth, the patient will exhibit considerable distress that impairs their ability to operate in social, professional, or other domains. The fifth sign is that the patient will exhibit psychological distress unrelated to the physiological signs of substance use. Last, the patient will manifest incomprehensible disruption in light of other medical conditions (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2013).
Generalized Anxiety Disorders’ Prevalence in the United States
An estimated 6.8 million adults in the US, or 3.1% of the entire population, suffer from generalized anxiety disorders (ADAA, 2021). Unfortunately, only 43.2% of the affected population is believed to be receiving treatment for the disorder. Women are disproportionately affected by the mental disease than males, with a twofold increased risk of developing it. According to statistics, the condition frequently co-occurs with serious depression, necessitating extensive case investigation and diagnosis (ADAA, 2021).
Individuals’ Views on the Effects on Performance at Work
Generalized anxiety disorders significantly impact the ability to perform at work. Due to how mental illness influences behaviour and performance outcomes, having persons with it in the workplace will have many negative effects. People with the disorder, for instance, frequently decline an opportunity to be promoted at work even though they can do so, for example, because the role requires public speaking or travel. Affected individuals are also more prone to perform poorly in teams, which impacts the team’s overall performance. Generalized anxiety disorders frequently influence employees’ behaviours, forcing them to skip important events like staff lunches, office parties, and team-building exercises. Finally, the affected person will frequently miss deadlines, which hurts the quality of the work produced.
The process of treating generalized anxiety disorders
Psychotherapy is an effective treatment modality for patients with generalized anxiety disorders. Psychotherapy and psychological counselling are two of the procedures used in the treatment strategy, and they both involve closely collaborating with a psychotherapist to control and reduce anxiety symptoms (Mayo Clinic, 2021). The most successful type of psychological counselling is cognitive-behavioural therapy, which teaches patients the techniques to control their worries and anxieties. The therapy aids the patient in overcoming their fears, worries, and anxieties so they can recover control and engage in things they may have previously avoided. To regain psychological control, the patient must control the symptoms. The use of drugs to treat the symptoms, including antidepressants like venlafaxine (Effexor XR), can be used with cognitive-behavioural therapy as well (Mayo Clinic, 2021).
Generalized anxiety disorder has a long-term prognosis of 40% of individuals having the condition for more than five years. The condition will induce functional impairment, reduce vocational function, and impact the patient’s quality of life while they are ill. Fortunately, the condition gets better over time, especially with good management.
ADAA. (2021). Facts & Statistics. Anxiety & Depression Association of America. https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/facts-statistics
Mayo Clinic. (2021). Generalized anxiety disorder. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/generalized-
NAMI. (December 2017). Anxiety Disorders. National Alliance on Mental Illness. https://www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Mental-Health-Conditions/Anxiety-Disorders
Reynolds, C.R., & Kamphaus, R.W. (2013). Generalized Anxiety Disorder: DSM-5™ Diagnostic Criteria. Pearson Clinical.
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Complete a thorough summary of a psychological disorder of your choice (I have provided a sample list below). Please provide signs and symptoms of the disorder, how it is diagnosed, and what treatments are available (medication, therapy, hospitalization etc). Additionally, please share if there is an age requirement for the diagnosis and provide statistics related to how many people are diagnosed with this disorder year and if the disorder is considered common or rare Provide as much detail as possible. Please use at least two references and do not plagiarize.
Please choose only one.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD )
Disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders.
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