I’m working on a finance writing question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.
I need this to be 100% plagiarism free.
Must use at least 3 different scholarly references.
Must include reference page.
Must include introductory and conclusion paragraph.
Evaluate the quality of Apple’s and Microsoft’s income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. Use the 10-K for each of the last three years for both companies (2018, 2019 and 2020)
In your paper, address the following issues:
Determine whether each company provides financial reports that are generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP)-compliant and decision useful.
Characterize the financial reports with reference to the quality spectrum of financial reports.
Determine whether the results (earnings) are of high quality for each company. Justify your determination with the following:
Determine analyst adjustments to earnings, if any.
Analyze the adjusted earnings relative to the stated earnings over the three-year period.
Compare reported earnings and adjusted earnings to operating cash flow over the three-year period.
Prepare a ratio analysis of the financial performance over the past three years for each company. Include these items in this analysis:
Revenue growth per year
Receivables growth per year
Receivables as a percentage of revenues
Days sales outstanding
Accounts receivable turnover
Allowance for doubtful debts (percentage change year over year)
Net income margin
Adjusted operating margin
Review and comment on the following policies for each company to justify your determination:
Amounts and timing of revenue recognition
Policies on customer returns
Recognition of expenses
Amount, timing, and restatement (if any) of nonrecurring expenses
Goodwill amounts and potential for future impairment of goodwill
Description and treatment of contingent liabilities
Balance sheet classifications of long and short term assets and liabilities, and any changes to these classifications.
Balance sheet reserve and allowance policies
Treatment of balance sheet financing such as leases
Determine if there are any 8-K and NT filings for each company within the past year.
Determine if they provide meaningful information with regards to the quality of the financial reports.
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