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CJUS 550 Liberty University LP and Fusion Centers Discussion

CJUS 550 Liberty University LP and Fusion Centers Discussion

Question Description

STUDENTS ARE TO RESPOND TO EACH DISCUSSION POST WITH 150 WORDS EACH AND 2 ADDITIONAL SOURCES.

1. Timothy Bennett

discussion board 2 : ILP and Fusion centers

One such philosophy, known as intelligence-led policing (ILP), is a relatively new policing practice that has gained operational momentum with sparse empirical assessment (Carter et al., 2014). Although ILP originated as a strategy to combat complex criminality, such as terrorism and organized crime, the information sharing and analytic tenants of ILP are applicable to many of the problems police face, akin to a more robust problem-oriented policing strategy (Lewandowski et al., 2018). State and regional (also known as major urban area) fusion centers were developed to facilitate ILP among local agencies. More specifically, with their restricted geographical focus, regional fusion centers are in a strategic position to bridge information and resources to understand multijurisdictional crime problems (Carter, 2015). I could recall my time working on the police force, and while we were at roll call, the duty Sergeant discussed the overall crime in the neighborhood. He also suggested that we meet with our crime analyst for print out of the local crime patterns in our respective patrol districts. While working on patrol, the real-life application of both ILP and fusion centers was vital to address crime and control the fluctuation of these rates as well. With any information that is received it must be checked and analyzed. Same for ILP. However, the information received from ILP has to be the most up to date information. Sometimes, the information received from ILP can solve multiple crime issues within a specific patrol district. I could recall receiving a tip from a citizen about a house that was selling drugs. We then took this information back to our crime analyst, and then he was able to create a trend of crimes map based on the information received. We then used this information on patrol to speak with citizens looking for this specific pattern to address the problem who hardily. Through the used of ILP, not only were we able to locate a house that provided illegal drugs, but we were also about to reduce the overall rates of drug usage within other patrol districts as the house that we discovered was not only the supplier for drugs in our city but also the neighboring jurisdiction as well. Over in the other jurisdiction, they would depend on the drugs from our drug house to supply their people. When we arrested and closed the place down, the people in the neighboring jurisdiction had no one else to receive drugs from, which increased drug arrest and reduced drug usage and criminal offense for their specific patrol districts. The bible says in Matthew 5: 16, “In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven” (ESV). Also, in Proverbs 3:27, “Do not withhold good from those to whom it is due, when it is in your power to do it” (ESV). I believe concerning ILP and fusion centers in law enforcement, if we have something to contribute to the overall success of law enforcement’s mission, then we should use this information for the betterment of the community.

References:

Carter, J. G., Phillips, S. W., and Gayadeen, S. M. (2014). Implementing intelligence-led policing: an application of loose-coupling theory. Journal of Criminal Justice, 42(6): 433–442.

Carter, J. G., and Phillips, S. W. (2015). Intelligence-Led Policing and Forces of Organizational Change in the United States. Policing & Society, 25(4): 333–357

Carla Lewandowski, Jeremy G Carter, Walter L Campbell, The Utility of Fusion Centres to Enhance Intelligence-Led Policing: An Exploration of End-Users, Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, Volume 12, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages 177–193, https://doi-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1093/police/pax005.

The holy bible, English Standard Version, Matthew 5: 16 retrieved from https://www.openbible.info/topics/helping others

The holy bible, English Standard Version, Proverbs 3: 27 retrieved from https://www.openbible.info/topics/helping others

2. Andrew Simerson

DB Forum 2

Policing has expanded beyond traditional crime fighting. Police no longer merely enforce the law. They have to be so much more to the citizens they serve. Police have to earn and maintain the trust of the public. Public trust is essential for the success of community policing. In community policing, police partner with communities in order to solve root problems associated with crime, not just solve a crime or make an arrest. As police adopt a service policing style, they must be more efficient with enforcement services. CompStat and CrimeStat use crime data to manage resources to increase overall efficiency. Terrorism has played a role in the expansion of policing (Schmalleger, 2015). The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was formed as a result of the September 11th, 2001 terror attacks.

ILP is a model of policing, in which decisions are guided by crime intelligence. This model allows police to prevent crime in a proactive manner, as opposed to reacting to crime in a reactive manner. ILP or models very similar to ILP are now used in the United States, Australia, United Kingdom, New Zealand and Canada (Burcher, & Whelan, 2019).

Fusion centers were created at the recommendation of the 9/11 Commission, by the DHS and state agencies. Fusion centers focus on sharing crime data between government agencies, and public and private entities. “The stated goal of fusion centers is to blend relevant law enforcement and intelligence information analysis and coordinate security measures to reduce threats in their communities.” (Regan, & Monahan, 2014, p. 1). In other words, fusion centers obtain crime intelligence, analyze it, and share it with impacted jurisdictions to make communities safer. Fusion centers are for and run by local government, with support and grants from the Federal Government. As with any governmental intelligence gathering, some question privacy and rights intrusions (Regan, & Monahan, 2014).

Research shows large criminal justice organization’s decisions are inconsistent with regards to the level of quality and use of technological equipment, as well as following trending methods of policing. Most decisions are made in response to funding, choices by administrators, community outcry, and perceived needs (Strom, 2017).

From a Christian point of view, ILP and the development of fusion centers, results in safer communities. Not only do ILP and fusion centers help prevent crime, but it helps police identify and locate criminals, holding them accountable and upholding justice for victims of crime.

Resources

Burcher, M., & Whelan, C. (2019). Intelligence-Led Policing in Practice: Reflections From Intelligence Analysts. Police Quarterly, 22(2), 139–160. https://doi-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1177/109861…

Regan, P. M., & Monahan, T. (2014). Fusion Center Accountability and Intergovernmental Information Sharing. Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 44(3), 475–498. https://doi-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1093/publiu…

Schmalleger, F. (2015). Criminal Justice today: An introductory text for the 21st Century (13th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Strom, K. (2017). Research on the Impact of Technology on Policing Strategy in the 21st Century, Final Report (Rep.). Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International Police Executive Research Forum.


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